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calicivirus in cats-Symptoms treatment and prevention

Feline calicivirus may be an extremely contagious virus that causes a light to severe respiratory tract infection and oral unwellness in cats. it's particularly common in shelters and breeding colonies and sometimes infects young cats. Most cats recover utterly once a calicivirus infection, however rare strains are particularly deadly. 

calicivirus in cats-Symptoms, treatment, and prevention

calicivirus in cats

Feline calicivirus may be an extremely contagious virus that causes a light to severe respiratory tract infection and oral unwellness in cats. it's particularly common in shelters and breeding colonies and sometimes infects young cats. Most cats recover utterly once a calicivirus infection, however rare strains are particularly deadly. 

Feline calicivirus (FCV) belongs to an oversized family of viruses named Caliciviridae, whose members infect a good variety of vertebrate animals, together with rabbits, livestock, reptiles, birds, and amphibians. 

The human virus norovirus, which causes a quick however unpleasant channel unwellness, is additionally a member of the Caliciviridae family.

What square measures the symptoms of calicivirus in cats?

FCV happens most typically in multi-cat environments. A cat’s risk of exposure is higher in shelters, pet stores, and catteries, wherever twenty-five to forty % of cats are also carriers.

The virus spreads through direct contact with the spit, nasal secretion, and eye discharge of infected cats and thru aerosol droplets that unfold once cats sneeze. laboratory tests have additionally detected the virus in water, feces, and blood.

 Cats usually shed the virus for regarding 2 or 3 weeks once infected, however, some cats become semipermanent carriers and still shed the virus on and off for months.


A cat’s symptoms can depend upon the strain of FCV it contracts. At first, the cat can have symptoms that seem chilly, with reflex, nasal congestion, fever, and typically drooling. massive amounts of discharge will come back from the eyes and nose.

 in additional severe cases, cats also can develop inflammation and ulcers on the tongue, and also the lining of the mouth. Lethargy, gentle gameness, and lack of appetency may additionally occur.

These symptoms will persist from 5 to ten days in gentle cases and up to 6 weeks in additional severe ones. throughout the health problem, timeserving microorganism infections also can occur. Cats might slim down, and also the infection also can cause abortions in pregnant cats. 

Most cats recover utterly, however some can endure developing a chronic type of periodontitis that causes thick and inflamed gums, which makes uptake painful. older cats and young kittens square measure a lot of seemingly to suffer a lot of severe symptoms. luckily, it's quite rare for cats to succumb to FCV infection.

Cats that develop FCV-VSD can have far more severe symptoms, together with high fever, swelling of the top and legs, in addition to crusting sores and hair loss on the nose, eyes, ears, and footpads.

 The mouth and ears might flip xanthous from liver harm, and there is also hemorrhage beneath the skin and within the alimentary canal. FCV-VSD is fatal in up to sixty % of cats that develop unwellness.

What happens throughout infection?

After being exposed to FCV, the period is 2 to fourteen days before symptoms seem. The virus seemingly at first infects the liner of the rear of the mouth. once the virus replicates there, it seemingly spreads through the blood to different organs. 

However, FCV preferentially infects the liner of the mouth and also the tissues inside the lungs. Most cats develop an AN higher tract infection and in additional severe cases, the virus travels into the lungs wherever it causes respiratory illness.

How long is calicivirus in cats

Once a cat is exposed to calicivirus, it'll bear an AN period of 2-6 days before developing clinical signs which generally last for 14-21 days. throughout this whole time, the cat can probably be infectious to different cats. At a minimum, infected cats can shed viruses in their bodily secretions for 2-3 weeks.

Following apparent recovery from the unwellness, as several as 1/2, all infected cats might develop a carrier state during which they'll still shed the virus. In a number of these cats, the carrier state might solely last for many months, however, during a tiny share of cats, the carrier state might persist always.

 Carrier cats might or might not show any signs of infection after they square measure actively shedding calicivirus and function a crucial supply of infection to vulnerable cats. feminine cats that square measure carriers of this virus will pass the infection on to their newborn kittens.

What square measures the causes of infection with calicivirus in cats?

There square measure many strains of feline calicivirus, all of that square measure extremely contagious.5 A cat contracts feline calicivirus via direct contact with AN infected cat's spit, eye/nasal discharge, or aerosolized droplets from sneezes. The virus enters a cat's body through the nose, mouth, or eyes. Infected feminine cats also can pass the virus on to their kittens.

Feline calicivirus is most typically unfold in multi-cat environments. Animal shelters, pet stores, catteries, and boarding facilities square measure thought of as speculative areas.

Cats that have received all boosters of the FVRCP vaccinum might have some immunity because the "C" during this vaccinum stands for calicivirus. However, as a result of their square measure multiple completely different strains of feline calicivirus, not all square measure coated within the vaccinum.

 immunized cats will still contract feline calicivirus, however, they'll expertise milder symptoms.

How to treat calicivirus in cats

There is no cure for feline calicivirus, neither is there a particular treatment. If your vet suspects your cat has feline calicivirus, a biopsy is also counseled for confirmation. However, treatment is accessory and specific to the cat's signs.

Cats with gentle to moderate-higher metabolic process infections are also treated with medications and sent home beneath your care. Your vet might impose nasal decongestants, eye medications, and anti-inflammatory medicine. 

Antibiotics are also prescribed to treat secondary infections. Nasal drops or nebulization are also necessary for cats with nasal congestion.

Cats with higher metabolic process infections usually lose their appetency as a result of they can not style or smell in addition as was common. Oral ulcers will build uptake uncomfortable for a few cats.

2 AN appetency stimulant is also counseled if your cat isn't uptake well. it is vital to feed strong-smelling foods that charm to your cat and soft food is best if oral ulcers have developed.

Cats with moderate to severe signs might need hospitalization for accessory care.8 These cats usually receive blood vessel fluids to support association and injectable medications to manage symptoms.

 respiratory treatments are also necessary if the cat develops a respiratory illness. A feeding tube might have to be placed in your cat isn't uptake.

How to stop calicivirus in cats

Currently, there's no treatment to prevent the virus, however, pet house owners can give accessories to take care of their cat whereas its system fights the infection. Most cats will recover reception, however severely affected cats might have intensive medical aid.

Keep the nose and eyes of the cat clean and use vaporizers and saline thunder to assist clear the nasal passages. A drug that breaks down secretion, like bromhexine, can also facilitate scale-back congestion. 

Non-steroidal medicament medicine will lower the fever and scale back mouth pain, and broad-spectrum antibiotics are wont to treat timeserving microorganism infections, once necessary.

Cats usually lose their appetency and stop uptake thanks to congestion and also the sores in their mouths. house owners ought to give strong-smelling, soft foods, which may be pureed to create them easier to swallow and heated slightly to extend their odor. If cats haven't eaten up for over 3 days, they'll want hospitalization to receive fluids and IV nutrition.